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Compatibility of the Pierce BCA Protein Assay with Promega Lysis Buffers and Lytic...

Compatibility of the Pierce BCA Protein Assay with Promega Lysis Buffers and Lytic Assay Reagents

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Abstract

We have determined the compatibility of the Pierce BCA Protein Assay with all of the lysis buffers used with Promega reporter assays, as well as the reporter assay reagents that incorporate a lytic agent in the reconstituted substrate.

Natalie Betz

Promega Corporation
Publication Date: 2003

Introduction

Researchers often need to determine the protein concentration of cell lysates used in reporter assays to determine specific activity. Lysis buffers can contain components, such as detergents or reducing agents, that can interfere with protein quantitation assays. The Pierce BCA Protein Assay is one of the most commonly used protein quantitation assays, so we have determined the compatibility of this assay with each of the lysis buffers or the reagents containing a lytic agent used in Promega reporter assays. All of the lysis buffers and reagents were tested at various dilutions, ranging from 1X to 0.001X. The lysis buffers/reagents were diluted to determine the concentration at which they become compatible with the BCA Protein Assay. For some lysis buffers/reagents, the compatible dilution is not practical for actual protein concentration determination, and such reagents will require the use of detergent-compatible and reducing agent-compatible protein assays, of which there are 3 commercially available (Table 1).

Methods and Results

BSA standard curves (between 0–1,000µg/ml) were prepared in either water (control) or various dilutions of the following lysis buffers or resuspended reagents: Reporter Lysis Buffer (RLB; Cat.# E3971), Cell Culture Lysis Reagent (CCLR; Cat.# E1531), Passive Lysis Buffer (PLB; Cat.# E1941), Glo Lysis Buffer (GLB; Cat.# E2661), Renilla Luciferase Assay Lysis Buffer (RLALB; Cat.# E2810, E2820), Steady-Glo® Reagent (Cat.# E2510, E2520, E2550), Bright-Glo™ Reagent (Cat.# E2610, E2620, E2650), Dual-Glo™ Reagent (Cat.# E2920, E2940, E2980), CellTiter-Glo™ Reagent (Cat.# G7570, G7571, G7572, G7573), Apo-ONE® Reagent (Cat.# G7790, G7791, G7792), and the lysis buffer recommended in the Emax® ImmunoAssay Systems (referred to as Emax® lysis buffer).

An aliquot of BSA stocks (2µl) was added to 23µl of each lysis buffer/reagent. A 25µl sample volume is recommended for the microplate procedure of the BCA Protein Assay. The BCA Protein Assay was performed following the manufacturer's protocol. The absorbance at 562nm was read in a SpectraMAX® 250 plate reader. Each assay was performed in duplicate, and the results are presented as the average of duplicates. In general, the duplicates varied by <5%.

Figures 1–11 illustrate the BSA standard curves generated in each of the lysis buffers or reconstituted reagents. The BSA standard curve generated in water is the reference (+ control) in each graph. Table 1 summarizes all of the results with the recommended dilution for optimal compatibility with the BCA Protein Assay. Preliminary results demonstrated that the potential light output from the Bright-Glo™/Steady-Glo®/Dual-Glo™/CellTiter-Glo™ Reagents in the presence of their respective enzymatic substrates did not interfere with or enhance background readings at 562nm (data not shown).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Reporter Lysis Buffer (RLB).Figure 1. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Reporter Lysis Buffer (RLB).
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Cell Culture Lysis Reagent (CCLR).Figure 2. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Cell Culture Lysis Reagent (CCLR).

BSA standard curve using Cell Culture Lysis Reagent (CCLR).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Passive Lysis Buffer (PLB).Figure 3. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Passive Lysis Buffer (PLB).

BSA standard curve using Passive Lysis Buffer (PLB).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Glo Lysis Buffer (GLB).Figure 4. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Glo Lysis Buffer (GLB).

BSA standard curve using Glo Lysis Buffer (GLB).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Renilla Luciferase Assay Lysis Buffer (RLALB).Figure 5. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Renilla Luciferase Assay Lysis Buffer (RLALB).

BSA standard curve using Renilla Luciferase Assay Lysis Buffer (RLALB).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Steady-Glo Reagent.Figure 6. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Steady-Glo Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Bright-Glo Reagent.Figure 7. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Bright-Glo Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Dual-Glo Reagent.Figure 8. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Dual-Glo Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of CellTiter-Glo Reagent.Figure 9. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of CellTiter-Glo Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Apo-ONE Reagent.Figure 10. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Apo-ONE Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Emax lysis buffer.Figure 11. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Emax lysis buffer.

Recommended Dilution of the Various Lysis Buffers or Reagents To Use in the BCA Protein Assay.Table 1. Recommended Dilution of the Various Lysis Buffers or Reagents To Use in the BCA Protein Assay.

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*Use a detergent- and reducing agent-compatible protein assay, such as:

  1. Geno Technology NI™ Protein Assay (Cat.# 786-005)
  2. Pierce BCA Protein Assay in conjunction with the Compat-Able™ Protein Assay Preparation Reagent Set (Cat.# 23225 or 23227 and Cat.# 23215)
  3. Bio-Rad RC DC™ Protein Assay (Cat.# 500-0121 or 500-0122)

Note: When performing a protein assay using any of the suggested protein assay systems, an equal concentration of lysis buffer or reagent must be included in the standard curve for optimal accuracy.

How to Cite This Article

Betz, N. Compatibility of the Pierce BCA Protein Assay with Promega Lysis Buffers and Lytic Assay Reagents. [Internet] 2003. [cited: year, month, date]. Available from: http://www.promega.jp/resources/pubhub/enotes/compatibility-of-pierce-bca-protein-assay-with-promega-lysis-buffers-and-lytic-reagents/

Betz, N. Compatibility of the Pierce BCA Protein Assay with Promega Lysis Buffers and Lytic Assay Reagents. Promega Corporation Web site. http://www.promega.jp/resources/pubhub/enotes/compatibility-of-pierce-bca-protein-assay-with-promega-lysis-buffers-and-lytic-reagents/ Updated 2003. Accessed Month Day, Year.

Compat-Able is a trademark of Pierce Biotechnology, Inc. NI is a trademark of GenoTechnology. RC DC is a trademark of Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. SpectraMAX is a registered trademark of Molecular Devices Corporation.

Products may be covered by pending or issued patents or may have certain limitations on use. Please visit our patents and disclaimers web page for more information.

Figures

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Reporter Lysis Buffer (RLB).Figure 1. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Reporter Lysis Buffer (RLB).
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Cell Culture Lysis Reagent (CCLR).Figure 2. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Cell Culture Lysis Reagent (CCLR).

BSA standard curve using Cell Culture Lysis Reagent (CCLR).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Passive Lysis Buffer (PLB).Figure 3. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Passive Lysis Buffer (PLB).

BSA standard curve using Passive Lysis Buffer (PLB).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Glo Lysis Buffer (GLB).Figure 4. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Glo Lysis Buffer (GLB).

BSA standard curve using Glo Lysis Buffer (GLB).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Renilla Luciferase Assay Lysis Buffer (RLALB).Figure 5. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Renilla Luciferase Assay Lysis Buffer (RLALB).

BSA standard curve using Renilla Luciferase Assay Lysis Buffer (RLALB).

BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Steady-Glo Reagent.Figure 6. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Steady-Glo Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Bright-Glo Reagent.Figure 7. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Bright-Glo Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Dual-Glo Reagent.Figure 8. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Dual-Glo Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of CellTiter-Glo Reagent.Figure 9. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of CellTiter-Glo Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Apo-ONE Reagent.Figure 10. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Apo-ONE Reagent.
BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Emax lysis buffer.Figure 11. BSA standard curve generated in either water or various dilutions of Emax lysis buffer.

Tables

Recommended Dilution of the Various Lysis Buffers or Reagents To Use in the BCA Protein Assay.Table 1. Recommended Dilution of the Various Lysis Buffers or Reagents To Use in the BCA Protein Assay.

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